Java is one of the best programming language created ever, and I am not saying this because I am a passionate Java developer, but Java has proved it in last 20 years. Two decades is a big time for any Programming language, and Java has gained strength every passing day. Though there are times, when Java development slows down, but Java has responded well. Earlier with groundbreaking changes in the form of Enum, Generics, and Autoboxing in Java 5, performance improvement with Java 6, and Google’s choice of language for Android apps development keeps Java as a front line programming language.
1) Java has Rich API
One more reason of Java programming language’s huge success is it’s Rich API and most importantly it’s highly visible because come with Java installation. When I first started Java programming, I used to code Applets and those days Applets provides great animation capability, which amazes new programmer like us, who are used to code in Turbo C++ editor. Java provides API for I/O, networking, utilities, XML parsing, database connection, and almost everything. Whatever left is covered by open source libraries like Apache Commons, Google Guava, and others.
2) Great collection of Open Source libraries
Open source libraries ensure that Java should be used everywhere. Apache, Google, and other organization have contributed a lot of great libraries, which makes Java development easy, faster and cost effective.
There are frameworks like Spring, Struts, Maven, which ensures that Java development follows best practices of software craftsmanship, promotes the use of design patterns and assisted Java developers to get there job done.
3) Wonderful community support
The community is the biggest strength of Java programming language and platform. No matter, How good a language is, it wouldn’t survive, if there is no community to support, help and share there knowledge. Java has been very lucky, it has lots of active forums, Stackoverflow, open source organizations and several Java user group to help everything.
There is community to help beginners, advanced and even expert Java programmers. Java actually promotes taking and giving back to community habit. Lots of programmers, who use open source, contribute as commiter, tester etc. Expert programmer provides advice FREE at various Java forums and stackoverflow. This is simply amazing and gives lot of confidence to a newbie in Java.
4) Excellent documentation support – Javadocs
When I first saw Javadoc, I was amazed. It’s great piece of documentation, which tells lot of things about Java API. I think without Javadoc documentation, Java wouldn’t be as popular, and it’s one of the main reason, Why I think Java is best programming language.
Not every one has time and intention to look at code to learn what a method do or how to use a class. Javadoc made learning easy, and provide an excellent reference while coding in Java. With advent of IDE, you don’t even need to look Javadoc explicitly in browser, but you can get all information in your IDE window itself.
5) Java is Everywhere
Yes, Java is everywhere, it’s on desktop, it’s on mobile, it’s on card, almost everywhere and so is Java programmers. I think Java programmer out number any other programming language professional. Though I don’t have any data to back this up, but it’s based on experience. This huge availability of Java programmers, is another reason, why organization prefer to choose Java for new development than any other programming language.